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Xinhua Headlines World Bank, IMF call for multilateralism at delicate moment

     

2019-04-16
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AmanpassesbyamoneyexchangeshopneartheBankofEnglandinLondon,March6,2019.(Xinhua/StephenChung)WASHINGTON,April14(Xinhua)--Atatimewhentheglobaleconomyenters"adelicatemoment"featuring"broad-basedslowdown,"keyinternationalf(IMF)wrappeduptheirspringmeetingsonSunday,uesday,,,owdownin2019is"broad-based.""Wecontendthatweareatadelicatemoment,"IMFManagingDirectorChristineLaga",,dotherightthing,"addingthatthekeyistoavoidthewrongpolicies,especiallyonthetradefront."Weneedtobetteraddressdislocationscausedbytradeandbytechnologicalinnovation,,",includingthroughaWorldTradeOrganizationsystemreform."Andweneedtoavoidself-inflictedwounds,includingtariffsandotherbarriers,""dotherightthing,"Lagardesaidmanyoutstandingreformsshouldbethefocusofpolicymakers,becausethey"wouldhelpboostpotentialoutputtopreventdisappointinglong-termgrowthinadvancedeconomies,andwouldhelpdevelopingcountriescatchupwiththeirwealthierpeers."Meanwhile,themanagingdirectoralsocalledoncountriestocreatemorefiscalspaceinorderto"resistthenextcrisis"whendownturncomesup,andsuggestedpolicymakersenhanceinterconcludedits99thmeeting,WorldBankPresidentDavidMalpasssaidthatthemultilateraldevelopmentinstitutionsmissionis"moreurgentthanever.""Itiscriticallyimportantthatweworktirelesslytofosterbroad-basedgrowth,raisemedianincomes,createjobs,andfullyincorporatewomenandyoungpeopleineconomies,tosupportastronger,morestableglobaleconomyforeveryone,"saidMalpass,sgloomyeconomicforecast,financeofficialsoftheworldsmajoreconomies,accordingtomediareports,hingtonandBeijingare"closetothefinalround"sChancelloroftheExchequerPhilipHammondsaidthego,EuropeanCentralBankPresidentMarioDraghitoutedtheeurozones"remarkableresilience,"citinganincreaseinjobcreation,tee(IMFC),IMFspolicy-settingbody,saidinacommuniqueissuedSaturdaythatmembersofthecommitteewill"continuetotakejointactiontostrengtheninternationalcooperationandframeworks."TheIMFCsaiditsmemberswillworktogethertoreduceexcessiveglobalimbalances,striveforagloballyfairandmoderninternationaltaxsystem,,theIMFCsaidfree,fair,andmutuallybeneficialgoodsandservicestradeandinvestmentarekeyenginesforgrowthandjobcreation."Tothisend,werecognizetheneedtoresolvetradetensionsandsupportthenecessaryreformoftheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)toimproveitsfunctioning."Commentingonthecurrentsituationofglobaltrade,WTODirector-GeneralRobertoAzevedotoldaneventattheWashington-basedPetersonInstituteforInternationalEconomicsonThursdaythat"clearlytensionsremainhigh."Thedirector-generalsaidherecognizes"thefrustrationthatmanyhavefelt"abouttrade,aswellastheneedtospeedupreforms."Multilateralismshouldnotbesynonymouswithparalysis,""GlobalPolicyAgenda2019"issuedbyLagarde,themanagingdirectorexpressedherconcernaboutthe"risingdisengagement"intheglobaleconomythathasledtomanycountriesnotbenefitingadequatelyfrominternationalcooperation,economicandfinancialintegration,,Lagardesaid,"canonlybemetinanewmultilateralismthatinstillsconfidencethatthecostsandrewardsoflastingsolutionswillbesharedbyall."InanexclusiveinterviewwithXinhuaonTuesday,Gopinathsaid"theretreatfromglobalization,theriseinprotectionismisclearlyoneofthemajortrendsofourtime,whichisareversalfromthepast,"addingthatthetrendis"amatterofgreatconcern"forthisyearhotherinthepursuitforcooperativesolutions"tomakethisabettermultilateralism.""Idontseeanalternativetoamultilateralwork,"shesaid,addingthatissuesliketrade,climatechange,cybersecurityandinternationaltaxaSCONSTRUCTIVEROLEAsoneofthemajorshareholdersofboththeIMFandtheWorldBank,,ChenYulu,deputygovernorofthePeoplesBankofChina--Chinascentralbank--stressedtheIMFs"centralrole"inglobalfinance,urgingthattheIMFcontinuetosupport"anopen,inclusive,andrules-basedmultilateraltradesystem.""Withamembershipof189countries,theIMFenjoysspecialadvantagesandtrustinstrengtheninginternationalcoordinationandcooperationandcanplayagreaterrole,",inparticular,theneedtoreformtheIMFsquotaarrangementandgovernancesothatemergingmarketeconomiesanddevelopingcountriescanbebetterrepresentedatthemultilateralinstitution."Chinasupportsastrong,quota-based,andadequately-resourcedIMFtopreserveitscentralroleintheglobalfinancialsafetynet,"Chensaid."Thegapbetweentheactualandcalculatedquotasshouldbenarrowedinaconstructivemannerandthestructuraldistortionofquotasshouldbereduced."IMFDeputyManagingDirectorZhangTaosaidinaninterviewwithXinhuathattheIMFremains"committedtotherealignmentofquotasharestomoreaccuratelyreflectmembersrepresentation."WhenmeetingwithMalpassonthesidelinesofthespringmeetings,ChineseFinanceMinisterLiuKunsaidChinaiswillingtodeepenits,ChinaalsolooksforwardtocooperatingwiththeWorldBankinsuchareasasimprovingthebusinessenvironmentandestablishingahigh-standardmultilateralfinancingcooperationcenter,,saidthetwosidesshareagreatresponsibilityincombatingpovertyandspurringglobaldevelopment,andthattheWorldBankisalsowillingtoworkwithChinaonpollutionpreventionandcontrol,greendevelopment,spressconference,MalpasssaidinresponsetoaquestionfromXinhuathathelooksforwardt,ChinasrelationshipwiththeWorldBankhasbeenevolving,inthatthecountryhasshiftedfrombeinga"majorborrower"fromtheWorldBankto"becomingmoreofadonor"totheinstitutionanditsshareholders,saidMalpass."Wevaluethatconstructiverelationship,"hesaid.(Videoreporters:JinYuelei,XiongMaoling,GaoPan;Videoeditor:YinLe)。

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